The paper aspires to create systematically business model innovations in neuro-scientific electric mobility. It introduces a new framework, in which a business model denotes a value-focused idea with five value measurements: value proposition, value communication, value creation, value delivery, and value catch. The framework enables the classification of business model patterns, recognized in the books, regarding five categories. The mixture of patterns from different dimensions can lead to the systematic generation of business model innovations. However the quantity of business models that can result from design combinations can be overpowering.

The sound waves oscillate once to 20 times a second, a frequency low to be heard by individual ears too. Similar complaints likewise have been reported in other areas of Japan, but it is not known whether these are linked to occurring noise naturally. Operators of such windmills are very concerned about what measures should be taken. • Sensitivity to infrasonic sound differs among individuals. • Effects are transformed by mental factors. For instance, unpleasant noises make people more uncomfortable than pleasant sounds, at the same volume even. • The causal relationship between the physical disorders and the sounds has not been clarified.

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In 2004, Japan’s Environment Ministry arranged recommendations for local government authorities on coping with problems triggered by infrasonic sound. The rules were issued mainly because of reports of damage at factories and construction sites triggered by infrasonic sound at the regularity of 20 hertz to 200 hertz. The infrasonic noise from windmills is not included in the guide as the frequency is lower. There have been no research papers published, either at home or abroad, which analyzed the partnership between infrasonic noise and human health. But Tomohiro Shishime, chief of the surroundings Ministry’s Air Environment Division, said, “First, we’ll analyze the real situation.” The ministry reaches the stage of requesting local government authorities to collect complaints.

Wind-power era also poses a risk to birds, which are often struck and wiped out by the rotating vanes of the windmills. More white-tailed eagles have been killed in bird strikes by windmills than by running trains. A golden eagle was found inactive near breeze power facility in Iwate Prefecture this past year — the first loss of life of a rare species confirmed close to the facility.

Yukihiro Kominami, deputy chief of the nature conservation office at the Wild Bird Society of Japan, said those instances are just the tip of the iceberg. Some people argue a windmill twirling around on the column many meters high spoils the scenery in the area. Residents in Nagano, Japan, organized to oppose the building of blowing wind plantation there.

The prefectural government then made a map displaying the consequences on character and landscapes of the proposed windmills. There’s a growing consensus among experts that wind-power era tasks should be subject to the environment impact assessment laws. The ministry plans to consider the theory, including the probability of amending the law, at the Central Environmental Council.

Tetsuya Iida, head of Japan’s Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies, a nonprofit environmental business. Distributed by McClatchy-Tribune Information Services. This document is at the mercy of copyright. Apart from any reasonable coping for the intended purpose of private research or research, no right part may be reproduced without the written permission. This content is provided for information purposes only.